The Rivonia Trial took place between 1963 and 1964 in Rivonia, a suburb of Johannesburg: 19 members of the ANC leaders, including Nelson Mandela, were accused by the government as terrorists as they fought against social injustice and the apartheid policy. This trial was recorded on a unique sound format called “dictabelts”, a vinyl cylinder often used in trials between the 1950’s and 1970’s. Using a reading and digitization machine, the Archephone, 591 dictabelts providing 230 hours of history-laden recordings of the trial are now available for research, education and cultural use, free of charge.
The Jury found the Rivonia Trials’ preservation plan an exceptional project, carrying the preservation of a unique testimony of mankind’s history. The project underlines the necessity to draw together different countries under the prerogative of universal history preservation and cultural rights.
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